Rome’s Christmas is celebrated on April 21st.
April 21 is a very important date for the city, the one in which the foundation of Rome is celebrated (Rome’s Christmas) According to the legend told by Varro, on April 21, 753 BC Romulus founded the city of Rome. The date “is due to the astrological calculations of the mathematician and philosopher of the first century BC.Lucio Taruzio Firmano friend of Varro and Cicero.
From this date derives the Latin phrase Ab Urbe seasoned, or “from the foundation of the city”, which marked the Roman chronology before the adoption of the Gregorian calendar, from which the years are traditionally numbered starting from the birth of Christ (Anno Domini) “.
As scholars reveal, over the centuries April 21, therefore the Rome’s Christmase, took on different meanings:
“From a local, typically Roman festival (as it was until 1870, with parades and fireworks) – they reveal – Rome’s Christmas became the first national celebration of Roma Capitale (from 1871 the Italian flag was hoisted on the Campidoglio tower).
Then assumed a mythical symbol of an all-embracing ideology, to then return to its fundamental nucleus of a civic festival that highlights the universal vocation of the city ” .
Rome’s Christmas since 2000
Finally, in the last period “April 21 has been increasingly characterized as the date for the inauguration of important public works in the city:
Reopening of the Capitoline Museums after the restoration and the inauguration of the underground passage under Piazza del Campidoglio in 2000,
Inauguration of the Parco della Musica Auditorium in 2002, the opening of the Nuova Fiera di Roma construction site in 2004,
Inauguration of the Ara Pacis Museum and the concert at the Auditorium with Pope Benedict XVI and the President of the Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi in 2006,
Location of the Capitoline Wolf in the Aymonino display case next to the statue of Marcus Aurelius in the Capitoline Museums and the inauguration of the Macro Future at the Slaughterhouse in 2007,
Opening of the New Cinema Aquila in Pigneto in 2008,
Inauguration of the ‘Camminamento dei Fori Imperiali’, through the demolition of the construction site fence that marked the border between the Sup municipal erintendency and between the Imperial Forums and the Roman Forum or near the Basilica Emilia in 2009.