Gianicolo cannon is a certainty that marks the life of the Romans. Every day, at 12 o’clock, the cannon fires a blank shot to remind everyone to synchronize their watches!
The history of the Gianicolo cannon
he cannon shot tradition was established in 1847 at the behest of Pope Pius IX.
Initially, it was located in Castel Sant’Angelo and remained t
here until 1903, when it was moved first to the slopes of Monte Mario and the following year in its current location on the Janiculum hill, below the statue of Garibaldi.
The shooting tradition was maintained even after the unification of Italy and was only interrupted in the period of the Second World War. On April 21, 1959, on the occasion of the Anniversary of the Foundation of Rome, the cannon resumed its “activity”. Today, it is the Italian Army soldiers who remember in Rome that noon has arrived!
The Gianicolo cannon over time
If you think that the cannon used is always the same, it is not so: there is no news about the very first cannon used, but on the following we have different information.
Starting from 1904, the year of its definitive location, the noon was marked by a cannon used by the Artillery of the Kingdom of Italy during the Breccia di Porta Pia.
Later, it was replaced by an Austro-Hungarian army “booty” cannon from the First World War. Today’s cannon is a howitzer, made up of parts of different cannons used during the Second World War.
Seeing the cannon shoot is very simple: just go up to the Gianicolo and look out from the beautiful and romantic terrace over the city!
In addition to the cannon show you can admire one of the most beautiful panoramas in Rome! We also advise you to visit the famous Fontanone di Roma (the Fountain of the Acqua Paola), the church of San Pietro in Montorio and the Botanical Garden of Rome in the surrounding area.