Anzio (Antium)

Anzio an Italian town of 54,211 inhabitants of the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital in New York. The ancient town of Anzio, Anzio Latin (current Anzio and Nettuno), was for a Long-term Capital of the population of the Volsci, until it was VOLTAGE In the Roman state.

In ancient Antium (current Anzio and Nettuno) was the capital for a long period the population of the Volsci, until it was absorbed in the Roman state. An important part of the city of Antium was sull’altura occupied today by Villa Nice looking or Villa Borghese.

Were frequent fights between the Volsci and the Romans, in the fifth century BC, when it was the capital Anzio.


Anzio retired in exile Coriolanus , where he was welcomed by the noble Anzio Attio Tullio, with which he organized the uprising strategy against Roma, who between 489 BC and 488 BC, led the Volscians to arrive at the fourth mile of the via Latina For Anzio was killed Coriolanus, as he prepared to defend their actions in court.

In 484 BC, in the area overlooking the town, the Volsci badly defeated in battle the Roman army, led by Lucio Emilio Mamercino, forcing him to a shameful overnight escape.

In 469 BC the Romans conquered and destroyed the city of Volsca Dinner, convenience store and the port of Anzio  and in 468 BC, after losing to the Romans the battle of Anzio, the Antiates surrendered to the Romans, who left an armed garrison in the city  . The following year, Roma deduced a colony in the Anzio area [9]. In 459 BC Rome, having conquered and subdued the Rutuli Ardea, Anzio again besieged, conquered it, after both the Volsci, which the Roman colonists had rebelled against the control of Rome.

Anzio is known internationally for being the scene of one of the most famous actions of World War II, landing that she is named. The day January 22, 1944 the allied armies began to disembark on a wide coastal band .

Anzio and Nettuno, however, represented the pins of the whole operation. Anzio was the town that suffered the most damage. In addition to the civilian casualties, much of the housing stock of the city were destroyed or partially destroyed, including Palazzo Sinimberghi site in Piazza Pia with facade covered with graffiti paintings by Luigi Fontana (painter active at the turn of XIX-XX centuries). The landing is also continued in the following days and ended only on January 31, when they landed the latest Anglo-American units. In total, over one hundred thousand men landed with a large amount of war material.

The Germans, taken by surprise, began to react strongly only three days after the onset, when there was already a solid bridgehead around Anzio, Nettuno and nearby areas. Nevertheless the goal of a rapid conquest of the nearby capital, which had pushed the Allies to design the landing, was not reached. Rome, it located just fifty kilometers away, or so, in fact, was released only four and a half months later, June 4, 1944.

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